Why do Australian rainforests occur as islands within the vast tracts of Eucalyptus? Why is fire a critical ecological factor in every Australian landscape? What were the consequences of the use of fire by the Ice Age colonists? In this original and challenging book, David Bowman critically examines all hypotheses that have been advanced to answer these questions. He demonstrates that fire is the most critical factor in controlling the distribution of rainforest throughout Australia. Furthermore, while Aboriginal people used fire to skillfully manage and preserve habitats, he concludes that they did not significantly influence the evolution of Australia's unique flora and fauna. This volume, the first comprehensive overview of the diverse literature on this topic, solves the puzzle of the archipelago of rainforest habitats in Australia. It is essential reading for all ecologists, foresters, conservation biologists, and others interested in the biogeography and ecology of Australian rainforests.
In an increasingly globalized world of collapsing economic borders and extending formal political and legal equality rights within the perimeter of states and broader political entities, active citizenship has the potential to expand as well as deepen. At the same time with the rise of neo-liberalism, welfare state retrenchment, decline of state employment, re-privatization and the rising gap between rich and poor, the economic, social and political citizenship rights of certain categories of people are increasingly curtailed. This book examines the complexity of citizenship in historical and contemporary contexts. It reflects a spectrum of perspectives, approaches and methods and draws upon empirical research from a range of countries and contexts in addressing women and citizenship in a local-global world. A range of issues such as immigration, ethnicity, class, nationality, political and economic participation, institutions and the private and public spheres, at present and in the past are covered. This rich and diverse collection helps to inform our understanding of the pitfalls and possibilities for women from the persistence and changes in the contours of citizenship.
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